The Effect of Boko Haram Insurgency in Borno State: A Study of Street Begging


International Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Studies, 2020.



The Boko Haram insurgency in Northern Nigeria is one of the fatal conflicts that have resulted in population displacement in Africa. It is forecasted that since the intensification of the Boko Haram insurgency in 2009 about two million Nigerians have fled their homes and ended up in city areas about the main crisis zones and only 10 percent of this number are protected from the danger of displacement by the official humanitarian spaces in 13 States in Nigeria (IDMC 2016). Indeed, this unnatural crisis has exhibited the mobility of Internally Displaced Persons who can travel 500–1,000 km to look for shelter in the cities and towns of their selection in the country. Furious and insecurity enhances the fragility of urban areas in many industrialize countries, and the consequences of that include the depreciating capability and cheerful compliances of governments to present their standard societal obligations (Muggah, 2014). As of 2014, Boko Haram had total ascendancy of Nigerian soil covering a region of 21,545 square kilometers (Ibrahim et al. 2014).

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